Approach to diagnosis and management vaginal discharge
Discharge from the vagina serves an important housekeeping function in the woman’s reproductive system. It is a normal or physiological feature that keeps the vagina healthy. However, sometimes discharge may have certain colors, smells, or textures that may be a sign of either physiological modifications or infection. Vaginal discharge is a combination of liquids, cells, and bacteria that lubricates and protects the vagina.
It eliminates from the body through the opening of the vagina. Many types of vaginal discharge are grouped according to their color and consistency. It is difficult to isolate the color alone since some variables such as a patient’s age, behavior, menstrual cycle, and any other symptoms have to be taken into consideration. An Abnormal discharge may be yellow or green, chunky in consistency, or foul -smelling.
Types of vaginal discharge
Several types of vaginal discharge categorized based on their color and consistency. Some of them are normal while others may indicate an underlying condition that requires treatment.
White discharge: A little bit of white discharge is normal, particularly at the start or end of your menstrual cycle. However, it is not normal and requires to be treated if the discharge induces itching and has a dense, cottage-like consistency or appearance. Such a discharge may be a sign of an infection with yeasts.
Brown or bloody discharge: It is usually normal, particularly when it occurs during after your menstrual cycle. While in some cases brown or bloody discharge can be a sign of some problems such as fibroids or other abnormal growths. Therefore, an annual pelvic examination and Pap smear are necessary.
Yellow or green discharge: It is not normal, especially when it is thick, chunky, or accompanied by a foul smell. Such discharge may be a sign of trichomoniasis infection. It is usually transmitted through sex.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that is commonly spread by sex. It takes place when bacteria spread to other reproductive organs and vagina.
Management for vaginal discharge
Practice good hygiene and wear breathable cotton underwear to prevent infection. Do not use douches because they can exacerbate discharge by removing helpful bacteria. Furthermore, practice secure intercourse and use protection to avoid STDs.
In order to lower the probability of yeast infection, consume yogurt containing lively and active cultures when taking antibiotics. You can also manage it with an over-the-counter yeast infection or suppository if you realize that you have a yeast infection.
Some antifungal treatments in the form of creams or pessaries can be purchased over the counter to treat yeast infections. Although the medicines for vaginal discharge can be purchased at the local drug store, there are several online pharmacies available that provide a wide range of over the counter medicines for vaginal discharge according to their discharge type. Canadian pharmacy online is one of the pharmacies that provide medicines online without any hassle right at your doorstep.
If a patient complains of vaginal symptoms, do the appropriate examinations and investigations. Sitting baths and instructions on appropriate toilet and sanitation methods may be included in vaginitis treatment.